2020年各科中考真题2020年黑龙江省绥化市中考英语试题(教师版含解析)

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二零二零年绥化市初中毕业学业考试

英 语 试 题

考生注意:

1. 考试时间90分钟

2. 本试题共七道大题,95个小题,总分120分

3. 所有答案都必须写在答题卡上相对应的题号后的指定区域内

第一部分 英语知识应用

一、单项选择

1.You should take __________ umbrella with you in England, even on __________ sunny day.

A. a;a B. an;a C. a;an

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:在英国你应该随身携带一把雨伞,即使是晴天。

考查冠词辨析。a,泛指,用于以辅音音素开头的单词前;an泛指,用于以元音音素开头的单词前。umbrella是以元音音素开头的单词,所以第一个空格填an。sunny是以辅音音素开头的单词,所以第二个空格填a。故选B。

2.About __________ of the students don’t like studying online in my class, because they can’t discuss with their classmates.

A. one three B. one thirds C. one third

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:我班上大约有三分之一的学生不喜欢上网课,因为他们不能和同学讨论。

考查分数表达。根据英语语法,分数的表达方式为“基数词+序数词”,其中基数词表示分子,序数词表示分母,除了基数词是1的情况之外,其它情况下序数词都要用复数形式,当基数词是1时,序数词用单数。本题三分之一应表达为one third,故选C。

3.Mike and Jim’s room is tidy, __________ their sister’s not.

A. but B. and C. or

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:迈克和吉姆的房间很整洁,但是他们妹妹的房间不整洁。

考查连词辨析。but但是;and和;or或者。根据Mike and Jim’s room is tidy“迈克和吉姆的房间很整洁”及their sister’s not“他们妹妹的房间不整洁”,可知,两句之间是转折关系,所以空格处填but。故选A。

4.Be quiet. Your grandmother __________ in the room.

A. sleeps B. is sleeping C. sleep

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:安静点。你的祖母正在房间里睡觉。

考查动词的时态。sleeps动词的一般现在时的第三人称单数;is sleeping动词的现在进行时;sleep动词的一般现在时的原形。根据“Be quiet.”可知此处表示的是说话的时候正在发生的动作,用现在进行时is sleeping。故选B。

5.This is my pet dog. __________ name is Dingding.

A. Its B. It’s C. It

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:这是我的宠物狗。它的名字叫丁丁。

考查代词辨析。its它的,形容词性物主代词;it’s它是,主语+谓语;it它,人称代词主格。空格后接名词name,空格处应填形容词性物主代词作定语,所以空格处填its。故选A。

6.__________ interesting stories they are!

A. What an B. How C. What

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:它们是多么有趣的故事啊!

考查感叹句。感叹句常用What或How引导,它们的句型是:What a/an+形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语或What +形容词+可数名词复数或不可数名词+主语+谓语;How+形容词或副词+主语+谓语或How+形容词+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+主语+谓语。这句话中stories是复数形式,应用What引导。故选C。

7.I think Mark is __________ of all the boys in our class.

A. most outgoing B. more outgoing C. the most outgoing

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:我认为Mark是我们班所有男孩中最外向的。

考查形容词的最高级。most outgoing最外向的,最高级,前面需要加定冠词the;more outgoing更外向的,比较级;the most outgoing最外向的,最高级。根据in our class,可知要用最高级形式,最高级前面要加the,而且outgoing 是多音节词,它的最高级在前面加most;故答案选C。

8.—Could you tell me __________?

—In Xinhua Bookstore.

A. where you bought the book B. where did you buy the book C. where do you buy the book

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:——你能告诉我你在哪里买的书吗? ——在新华书店。

考查宾语从句。根据语境可知,回答者去新华书店买书这一动作已经发生过,故从句应用一般过去时,C选项可排除。根据英语语法,宾语从句应用陈述句语序,故选A。

【点睛】需要注意的是,Could you tell me …?句型中,could表委婉语气,与时态无关,故不适用宾语从句的“主过从必过”原则。

9.We can’t leave here until our teacher __________.

A. will arrive B. arrives C. arrived

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:直到我们的老师到来,我们才能离开那里。

考查动词的时态。此处是not…until…引导的时间状语从句,主句和从句的时态应一致;根据“can’t leave here”可知是一般现在时,从句动词用一般现在时,主语our teacher是单数名词,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式arrives。故选B。

10.—What time is it? —It’s half __________ seven.

A. past B. to C. at

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:——现在几点了?——七点半了。

考查介词及时间的表达。past过;to到;at指具体的时刻。表示“几点半”用“half + past + 小时”。故选A。

11.Bob has few friends in his new school, __________?

A. hasn’t be B. does he C. doesn’t he

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:鲍勃在他的新学校几乎没有朋友,是吗?
考查反意疑问句。反意疑问句要做到“前否后肯”或“前肯后否”,根据题干中“has few friends”中few意为“极少,几乎没有”,表否定含义,可知疑问部分要用肯定形式,只有does he符合题意。故选B。

12.Did you do __________ during the last summer vacation?

A. something special B. special something C. anything special

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:去年暑假你做了什么特别的事情么?

考查不定代词。something一些东西,一般用在肯定句中;anything某些东西,一般用于否定句和疑问句中。这是疑问句,用anything,不定代词的修饰需要后置,形容词special放在anything的后面。故选C。

13.Nobody teaches Mary English. She teaches __________.

A. her B. herself C. she

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:没有人教玛丽英语。她自己自学。

考查代词。her她,宾格;herself她自己,反身代词;she她,主格。动词teaches后面用反身代词herself表示“教自己,自学”。故选B。

14.—__________ do the students in the village go to school? —On a ropeway.

A. How B. When C. Where

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:——村子里的学生们怎样去上学?——走索道。

考查特殊疑问句。how怎样;when什么时候;where哪儿。根据“On a ropeway”可知表达的是方式,疑问句用how来提问。故选A。

15.—Will you go to the movies tomorrow?

—If you don’t go, __________.

A. neither do I B. neither won’t I C. neither will I

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:——你明天去看电影吗? ——如果你不去,我也不去。

考查倒装句。根据英语语法,if引导的条件状语从句,主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时,即“主将从现”原则,故A选项可排除。根据句意,如果你不去,我也不去,表示否定意义的是neither,will不需要用否定形式,故选C。

16.My family __________ for dinner now. We’re busy.

A. is preparing B. are preparing C. prepares

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:我们一家人正在准备晚餐。我们很忙。

考查现在进行时和be动词。根据句中now提示,句子应用现在进行时,C选项可排除。根据下文We’re busy提示,此处My family指的是家庭成员,指家庭成员时谓语动词be要用复数形式are,故选B。

17.— Must I return the book to you now?

— __________, you __________. You can do it tomorrow.

A. No;needn’t B. No;mustn’t C. Yes;must

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:——我现在必须把书还给你吗? ——不,不需要。你可以明天再做这件事。

考查must开头的一般疑问句。根据答句You can do it tomorrow可知,空格处是说不需要,做否定回答,C选项可排除。根据英语语法,以must开头的一般疑问句,否定回答用needn’t或don’t have to,故选A。

18.The old lady __________ the hospital in time at last.

A. is taken to B. took to C. was taken to

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:那位老妇人最后被及时送往医院。

考查一般过去时被动语态。is taken to一般现在时被动语态;took to一般过去时;was taken to一般过去时被动语态。根据句子结构,主语old lady与谓语动词take之间是被动关系,且“被及时送往医院”这个事情发生在过去,所以此空应填一般过去时被动语态was/were done的结构。主语old lady是单数,所以空格处填was taken to。故选C。

19.My teacher encouraged me __________ English as much as possible.

A. to speak B. speak C. speaking

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:我的老师鼓励我尽量多说英语。

考查非谓语动词。A. to speak动词不定式;B. speak动词原形;C. speaking现在分词或动名词。encourage sb. to do sth.为固定搭配,意为“鼓励某人做某事”,符合句意,故选A。

20.Listen to me __________, or you can’t follow me.

A. care B. careful C. carefully

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:仔细听我说,否则你跟不上我。

考查副词辨析。care照料,名词;careful仔细的,形容词;carefully仔细地,副词。根据句子结构,空格处修饰动词listen,所以用副词,故空格处填carefully。故选C。

21.We all like comedies __________ make us relaxed.

A. who B. that C. whom

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:我们都喜欢喜剧,喜剧让我们放松。

考查定语从句。who指代人,在定语从句中做主语或宾语;that指代人或物,在定语从句中做主语或宾语;whom指代人,在定语从句中作宾语。先行词是comedies,是物,用关系代词that,that在定语从句做主语。故选B。

22.The coat looks very nice. Can I __________?

A. try it on B. try on it C. try them on

【答案】A

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】句意:这件外套看起来不错,我能试穿么?

考查动词短语和代词以及代词的位置。根据“The coat”可知此处用代词的单数it来代替,表示“试穿它”,代词放在中间,用try it on。故选A。

23.__________ walk on the grass.

A. Doesn’t B. Don’t C. Not

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:不要踩踏草坪。

考查祈使句的否定形式。空格后为实义动词walk,故本句适用Do型祈使句,其否定形式为在祈使句首加Don’t,故选B。

24.By the time the teacher came, we __________ cleaning the classroom.

A. finished B. have finished C. had finished

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:老师来的时候,我们已经打扫完了教室。

考查过去完成时。A. finished表一般过去时;B. have finished表现在完成时;C. had finished表过去完成时。根据英语语法,by the time引导时间状语从句,从句为一般过去时,主句应用过去完成时,表示截止到从句动作发生时,主句动作已经完成,即过去的过去。故选C。

二、完形填空

Should I Be Allowed to Make My Own Decisions?

Many teenagers have hobbies. But sometimes these can ___25___ the way of their schoolwork, and parents might worry about their success at school. Teenagers often think they should ___26___ to practice their hobbies as much as they want. Do you agree?

Liu Yu, a ___27___ boy from Shandong, is a running star. He is ___28___ his school team and has always wanted to be a professional runner when he grows up. However, his parents won’t allow him to train so much. “Of course we want to see him ___29___ his dreams,” says Mr. Liu. “My wife and I have supported ___30___ of his races. We have nothing against ___31___ ! But we think our son needs to think about other possible jobs. He’s getting older now, so he needs to think about what ___32___ if he doesn’t end up as a professional runner.”

Liu Yu doesn’t ___33___ agree. “Well, I think they should allow me to decide for myself.” He says. “My parents have always told me how important it is to work hard at school and enter university. I understand this, but I’m serious about running. It’s the only thing ___34___ I’ve ever wanted to do.”

His parents believe that he needs to spend more time on his homework because it is difficult to become a professional sports star. But Liu Yu still disagrees. “I know my parents care about me. But I think I should make this choice myself. Only then will I have a chance to achieve my dream.”

25. A. get on B. get in C. get up

26. A. allow B. allowed C. be allowed

27. A. fifteen-years-old B. fifteen years old C. fifteen-year-old

28. A. on B. at C. for

29. A. achieves B. achieve C. to achieve

30. A. every one B. everyone C. every

31. A. run B. running C. to run

32. A. happens B. happened C. will happen

33. A. really B. very C. real

34. A. which B. / C. who

【答案】25. B 26. C 27. C 28. A 29. B 30. A 31. B 32. C 33. A 34. B

【解析】

这是一篇议论文,文章以刘宇和他的父母对待成为职业跑步运动员有着不同的观点和原因为例,来讨论青少年是否应该被允许自己做决定。

【25题详解】

句意:但有时这些会妨碍他们的学业,父母可能会担心他们在学校的成功。
get on上车;get in the way妨碍,阻碍;get up起床。根据题干中“parents might worry about their success at school”可推出有时爱好会对学业不利,结合空后“the way”可故要用get in the way表示“阻碍,妨碍”。故选B。

【26题详解】

句意:青少年经常认为他们应该被允许尽可能多地练习他们的业余爱好。
allow允许。allow动词原形;allowed动词的过去式或过去分词;be allowed被动语态。should后接动词原形,主语they和动词allow之间是动宾关系,此处用被动语态。故选C。

【27题详解】

句意:刘宇,一个来自山东的15岁男孩,是一个跑步明星。
fifteen-years-old错误搭配;fifteen years old 15岁,在句中作表语;fifteen-year-old 15岁,在句中作定语。根据题干中“a ____ boy”可知boy前缺少定语,用fifteen-year-old符合题意。故选C。

【28题详解】

句意:他是校队的一员,一直想长大后成为一名职业跑步运动员。
on为(某团体或组织)的一员;at在……;for为了。根据空后“his school team”可知此处是说他是校足球队的一员,用介词on符合题意。故选A。

【29题详解】

句意:刘先生说:我们当然希望看到他实现自己的梦想。
achieve实现。achieves动词的第三人称单数形式;achieve动词原形;to achieve动词的不定式。根据题干中“see him ____ his dream”可知此处用see sb. do sth.表示“看见某人做某事”,此处用动词原形。故选B。

【30题详解】

句意:我和我的妻子支持他的每一场比赛。
every one每个;everyone每个人,不定代词;every每个的,形容词。根据题干中“____ of his races”可知此处是指他比赛的每一场,B项意义不符,C项形容词不能与of连用,用every one符合题意。故选A。

【31题详解】

句意:我们没有理由反对跑步!
run跑步。run动词原形;running动名词或动词的现在分词;to run动词不定式。介词against后接动名词。故选B。

【32题详解】

句意:他现在年纪越来越大,所以他需要考虑如果他没有成为一名职业跑步运动员会发生什么。
happen发生。happens动词的第三人称单数;happened动词的过去式;will happen一般将来时。what后的句子是个宾语从句,根据题干中“needs”可知主句用一般现在时,从句时态根据具体需要来定;结合题干中“what ____ if he doesn’t end up as a professional runner”可知宾语从句本身是含有if引导的条件状语从句的主从复合句,遵循主将从现原则,主句用一般将来时。故选C。

【33题详解】

句意:刘宇不太同意。
really真正地,副词;very非常,副词;real真实的,形容词。根据题干可知此处要用副词修饰动词agree,very不能修饰动词,用really符合题意。故选A。

【34题详解】

句意:这是我唯一想做的事。
which先行词是物,且在从句中作主语、宾语或表语;/ 不填;who先行词是人,且在从句中作主语。分析句子结构可知此处缺少定语从句关系词,题中先行词“thing”指物,排除C,其前有the only修饰,关系代词不能用which,可用that,在从句中充当宾语,可以省略不填。故选B。

三、情景交际

(A)完成下列交际用语,词数不限。

35. A: ________________________________?

B: The population of the city is 100,000.

36. A: ________________________________?

B: It’s twenty minutes’ walk.

37. A: Your new bike is very cool.

B: ________________________________.

38. A: Would you like some more rice?

B: _________________. But just a little.

39. A: ________________________________?

B: It was Sunday yesterday.

【答案】35. What’s the population of the city?

36. ①How far is it? ②How far is it from here? ③How far is it from…to…?

37. ①Thanks(a lot). ②Thank you(very much).

38. Yes, please.

39. ①What day was it yesterday? ②What day was yesterday?

【解析】

本文是五个短对话:1.询问城市的人口;2.询问距离;3.感谢别人的称赞;4.询问对方是否再来点米饭;5.询问昨天是星期几。

【35题详解】

根据答语The population of the city is 100,000“这座城市的人口是10万”,可知,此空询问“这座城市的人口是多少”,所以空格处填What’s the population of the city。故答案为What’s the population of the city?

【36题详解】

根据答语It’s twenty minutes’ walk“步行20分钟”,可知,此空是询问“距离多远或从某个地方到某个地方的距离是多远”,所以空格处填How far is it/ How far is it from here/ How far is it from…to…。故答案为①How far is it?②How far is it from here? ③How far is it from…to…?

【37题详解】

根据Your new bike is very cool“你的新自行车非常酷”,可知,对于别人的赞扬要表示感谢,所以空格处填Thanks(a lot)/Thank you(very much).故答案为①Thanks(a lot). ②Thank you(very much).

【38题详解】

根据Would you like some more rice“你想再来点米饭吗”及But just a little“但是只需要一点”,可知,此空表示想来点米饭,所以空格处填Yes, please。故答案为Yes, please.

【39题详解】

根据答语It was Sunday yesterday“昨天是周日”,可知,此空询问昨天是星期几,所以空格处填What day was it yesterday/What day was yesterday?故答案为①What day was it yesterday?②What day was yesterday?

(B)根据对话内容,用适当的短语或句子将对话补充完整。

A: Hi, Ann. ______40______?

B: I’m reading a book about medicine.

A: Medicine? Do you want to be a doctor?

B: ______41______. I think doctors can help more sick people.

A: I agree with you. How are you going to do that?

B: I’m going to study medicine.

A: When are you going to study?

B: After finishing all my schoolwork.

A: ______42______?

B: I’m going to study it in Beijing. Now I often watch programs about medicine, too.

A: You are great. But my dream is different from yours.

B: ______43______?

A: A world-famous actor. Many people say I’m good at acting.

B: Great. ______44______.

A: Thank you. The same to you.

【答案】40. ①What are you doing? ②What are you reading? ③What kind of books are you reading?

41. ①Yes. ②Yes, I do.

42. ①Where are you going to study(it/medicine)? ②Where will you go to study (it/medicine)? ③Where do you plan to study(it /medicine)?

43. ①What’s your dream? ②What do you want to be? ③What is yours?

44. ①I hope(that)your dream will/can come true ② I hope(that)you can / will achieve your dream.③ I hope(that)you can/will succeed. ④I hope(that)you can make it.

【解析】

文章大意:A问B正在干什么,B说正在看医学方面的书,B告诉A自己想成为一名医生,A问B打算怎么做,B做了详细的回答。而A说自己想成为一名著名的演员,B希望A梦想成真。

【40题详解】

语境理解题。根据下文I’m reading a book about medicine. 我正在读一本关于医学的书。可知此处应是问:你正在干什么/你正在读什么/你正在看什么样的书?故答案为①What are you doing? ②What are you reading? ③What kind of books are you reading?

【41题详解】

语境理解题。根据上文Do you want to be a doctor? 你想成为一名医生吗?以及下文I think doctors can help more sick people. 我认为医生可以帮助更多的病人。可知此处应作肯定回答,故答案为①Yes. ②Yes, I do.

【42题详解】

语境理解题。根据下文I’m going to study it in Beijing. 我打算去北京学习。可知此处是问:你打算/将要/计划去哪里学习(它/医学),故答案为:①Where are you going to study(it/medicine)? ②Where will you go to study (it/medicine)? ③Where do you plan to study(it /medicine)?

【43题详解】

语境理解题。根据上文But my dream is different from yours.但是我的梦想和你的不同。以及下文A world-famous actor. Many people say I’m good at acting. 一个著名的演员。很多人说我擅长表演。可知此处是问:你的梦想是什么/你想成为什么/你的梦想呢?故答案为①What’s your dream? ②What do you want to be? ③What is yours?

【44题详解】

语境理解题。根据上文Great.太好了。以及下文Thank you. The same to you. 谢谢你!你也一样。可知此处应是说“我希望你梦想成真。”故答案为①I hope(that)your dream will/can come true. ② I hope(that)you can / will achieve your dream. ③I hope(that)you can/will succeed. ④I hope(that)you can make it.

四、综合运用

(A)用所给词的适当形式填空(词数不限)

45.It’s very __________(polite)to talk loudly in public.

【答案】impolite

【解析】

【详解】句意:在公共场所大声说话是非常不礼貌的。

固定搭配:it’s+形容词+to do sth“做某事是……”,句中动词不定式是真正的主语,it是形式主语。根据talk loudly in public,可知,在公共场所大声说话是不礼貌的,所以空格处填polite的反义词impolite。故答案为impolite。

46.We must be careful to avoid __________(make) mistakes in the exam.

【答案】making

【解析】

【详解】句意:我们必须仔细点,以免在考试中犯错。

空格处所给参考单词为make。avoid doing sth.为固定搭配,意为“避免做某事”,故动词make应用ing形式,故答案为making。

47.My teacher always gives me some useful __________ (suggest).

【答案】suggestions

【解析】

【详解】句意:我的老师总是给我一些有用的建议。
根据空前“some useful”可知此处要用名词复数,suggest的名词形式是suggestion,意为“建议”,其复数形式是suggestions。故答案为suggestions。

48.This novel is very interesting. My brother __________(read)it three times.

【答案】has read

【解析】

【详解】句意:这本小说很有趣。我哥哥已经读了三遍。

根据three times可知,空处谓语动词需用现在完成时态have/has done;句子主语为My brother,助动词应用has,read的过去分词为read,故填has read。

49.Today is his mother’s __________(forty) birthday.

【答案】fortieth

【解析】

【详解】句意:今天是他母亲四十岁的生日。

空格处所给参考单词为forty。根据句子结构,空格处应填入意为“第四十”序数词,修饰名词birthday。基数词forty可转换为序数词fortieth,意为“第四十”,符合句意,故答案为fortieth。

50.When he heard the good news, he couldn’t help __________ (jump).

【答案】jumping

【解析】

【详解】当他听到这个好消息时,他情不自禁跳起来。

固定搭配:can’t help doing sth“情不自禁做某事”,动名词作宾语,所以空格处填动名词jumping。故答案为jumping。

51.Eric, your car is so dirty. You should go and get it __________(wash).

【答案】washed

【解析】

【详解】句意:埃里克,你的车太脏了。你应该去把它洗干净。

空格处所给参考单词为wash。get sth. done为固定搭配,意为“使某事被做好”,动词wash应用过去分词形式,故答案为washed。

(B)改错(每小题只有一处错误,请将错误部分的字母标号填在答题卡相应题号后面的括号内,并将正确答案写在横线上,保持句意不变。)

52. He used to driving to work, but now he walks to work.

A B C

53. The students are looking forward to having some man teachers to teach them.

A B C

54. Because he didn’t finish his homework, so his teacher was angry with him.

A B C

55. Can you find the differences among these two pictures?

A B C

56. Jim’s grandfather was seen enter the room just now.

A B C

【答案】52. A—drive

53. B—men teachers

54. B—去掉so或“/”

55. C—between

56. B—to enter

【解析】

【52题详解】

句意:他过去常常开车上班,但是现在他走路上班。

根据but now he walks to work“但是现在他走路去上班”,可知,前文表示“过去常常开车上班”,固定搭配:used to do sth“过去常常做某事”,所以要把A改为drive。故答案为A—drive。

【53题详解】

句意:学生们正在期待有一些男老师来教他们。

some后接可数名词复数,man teacher是复合名词,当复合名词前的名词是man时,两部分都要变复数,所以要把B改为men teachers。故答案为B—men teachers。

【54题详解】

句意:因为他不能完成作业,所以老师对他非常生气。

because引导原因状语从句,在英语中不能与so一起连用,所以把B的so去掉或“/”。故答案为B—去掉so或“/”。

【55题详解】

句意:你可以发现这两张图片之间的不同吗?

among和between都表示“在……之间”,among用于三者以上,between用于两者之间。原句two pictures是两者之间,所以将C改为between。故答案为C—between。

56题详解】

句意:吉姆的祖父刚刚被看见进了房间。

be seen是被动语态,see用在被动语态中后接动词不定式,所以将B改为to enter。故答案为B—to enter。

(C)根据首字母、音标或中文提示完成下列句子(每空一词)

57.My favorite month is S___________, because we have Teachers’ Day in this month.

【答案】September

【解析】

【详解】句意:我最喜欢的月份是九月,因为在这个月有教师节。

because引导原因状语从句,根据because we have Teachers’ Day in this month,可知,教师节是在9月份,所以空格处表示“我最喜欢的月份是九月”,故空格处填September。故答案为September。

58.Frank is an h__________ boy. He never tells lies.

【答案】honest

【解析】

【详解】句意:弗兰克是一个诚实的男孩。他绝不撒谎。

名词boy前面用形容词修饰,根据an可知此处是元音音素开始的单词。根据“He never tells lies”可知此处用形容词honest表示“诚实的”。故答案为honest。

59.Parents always try to __________ /prə’vaɪd/ a good environment at home for their children.

【答案】provide

【解析】

【详解】句意:父母总是努力为孩子提供一个良好的家庭环境。

根据音标提示/prə’vaɪd/,可知英文表达是provide,意为“提供”,动词;try to do sth试图做某事,故答案为provide。

60.When the __________ (暴风雨) came, he was watching TV at home.

【答案】storm/rainstorm

【解析】

【详解】句意:当暴风雨来临时,他正在家看电视。

the是定冠词,后接名词。根据括号内中文提示,storm/rainstorm表示“暴风雨”,所以空格处填storm/rainstorm。故答案为storm/rainstorm。

61.Please __________ (分开) the children into three groups.

【答案】divide/separate

【解析】

【详解】句意:请将孩子们分成几组。

这是祈使句,此处用动词原形。表示“分开”用divide…into…或者separate…into…;故答案为divide/separate。

(D)英汉互译

62.我会拼写这个单词。

__________________________________

【答案】①I can spell the/this word. ②I am able to spell the / this word.

【解析】

【详解】根据句意可知,这句话的主语是I;谓语动词部分应用情态动词can或者be able to,意思都可以,后面跟动词原形,主语是I,be动词用am;spell动词,意为“拼写”;word名词,意为“单词”,前面用定冠词the或指示代词this修饰。故答案为I can spell the/this word./ I am able to spell the/this word.

63.他以前没去过博物馆。

__________________________________

【答案】①He hasn’t been to the/ a museum before. ②He has never been to the/ a museum before.

【解析】

【详解】have been to曾经去过,其否定形式为have not been to或have never been to,the/ a museum博物馆,before以前,主语为he,故动词have应用第三人称单数形式。组合起来可得句子He hasn’t been to the/ a museum before或He has never been to the/ a museum before,符合中文句意,故答案为①He hasn’t been to the/ a museum before. ②He has never been to the/ a museum before.

64.It serves you right.

__________________________________

【答案】你活该。/你自作自受。/你罪有应得。

【解析】

【详解】本句是常用语,it serves sb. right意为“罪有应得”,句中sb.用you代替,表示“你活该。/你自作自受。/你罪有应得。”通常用于做了坏事后得到应有的报应。故填“你活该。/你自作自受。/你罪有应得。”

65.You are supposed to ask your teacher for help.

__________________________________

【答案】你应该向你的老师求助。/你应该找老师帮忙。

【解析】

【详解】考查英译汉。You你;be supposed to do sth.应该做某事;ask sb. for help向某人求助/找某人帮忙;your teacher你的老师。最后根据汉语习惯翻译整个句子。故答案为:你应该向你的老师求助。/你应该找老师帮忙。

66.Though I can’t watch my favorite program tonight, it’s not a big deal.

__________________________________

【答案】虽然今晚我不能看我最喜欢的节日,但是那没什么大不了的/没什么了不起的/无所谓/没关系/不重要。

【解析】

【详解】句中Though引导的是让步状语从句,意为“虽然,尽管”;can’t watch不能看;my favorite program我最喜欢的节目;tonight是时间状语,意为“今晚”;it’s not a big deal意为“没什么大不了的;没关系;无所谓”。故答案为:虽然今晚我不能看我最喜欢的节日,但是那没什么大不了的/没什么了不起的/无所谓/没关系/不重要。

五、句型转换,按要求变化下列各句。

67.He has some good ideas.(改为否定句)

He __________ have __________ good ideas.

【答案】 (1). doesn’t (2). any

【解析】

【详解】句子要求改否定句。has改为否定形式要在前面加doesn’t,has变回原形have,即doesn’t have。some通常用于肯定句中,否定句中应用any替换,故答案为(1). doesn’t (2). any。

68.People will have robots at home in 20 years.(对划线部分提问)

__________ __________ will people have robots at home?

【答案】 (1). How (2). soon

【解析】

【详解】句意:在20年后人们将会在家里拥有机器人。

原句中划线部分in 20 years表示“在20年之后”,疑问词应用How soon,意为“多快,多久,多少时间之后”,故答案为How soon。

69.China is the greatest country in the world.(改为同义句)

China is greater than __________ __________ country in the world.

【答案】 (1). any (2). other

【解析】

【详解】根据句中the greatest country in the world可知,最伟大的国家,换个说法便是“比其他任何国家都伟大”,故应填入any other,意为“其他任何一个”。故答案为(1). any (2). other。

70.Didn’t he see you just now? (根据句意做出肯定或否定回答)

__________, he __________. He said hello to me.

【答案】 (1). Yes (2). did

【解析】

【详解】句意:——难道他刚才没有看见你吗?——不,他看见了,他向我问好了。

根据答语中“He said hello to me”可知,他看见我了,应回答Yes, he did,故答案为Yes, did。

第二部分 阅读理解

六、阅读理解

(A)

With the development of science and technology, our daily life is becoming more colorful and more convenient.

The Book-less Library

Can you imagine walking into a library and finding all books have turned into computers? The first book-less public library is planned to open in San Antonio, Texas. Computers will take the place of books soon.

Google Class

Google Glass is a pair of glasses with a battery(电池)hidden inside the frame (边框). It can carry out many of the same tasks as smart phones. The glass has a hidden camera and a tiny screen. It is designed to take hands-free photos or videos of anything people are doing.

A New Kind of Shirt

Hate washing clothes?

You’re going to love this kind of shirt made by an American clothing company, Wool & Prince. This shirt can be worn for 100 straight days without washing!The Wool & Prince shirt never needs ironing (熨烫).

An Underwater Hotel

It looks like a spaceship but it is actually a picture of an underwater hotel .A company plans to build in the sea which is about 18 meters below the surface. The whole building is underwater and you can get to it by swimming and diving.

根据短文内容,从每小题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出一个最佳答案

71. What can a Google Glass do?

A. It can be used for drinking B. It can read a book like a man. C. It can take photos and videos.

72. If you don’t want to wash clothes often, what will you buy?

A. The Wool & Prince shirt. B. The Nike Clothes. C. The traditional clothes.

73. What does the underlined word hands free mean in the passage?

A. You don’t have hands at all. B. Your hands don’t cost money. C. You don’t need to use your hands.

74. How do people enter an underwater hotel?

A. By taking a boat. B. By swimming or diving. C. By walking into it.

75. What may be the best tile for the passage?

A. New Inventions B. New Problems C. New Discoveries

【答案】71. C 72. A 73. C 74. B 75. A

【解析】

本文介绍了四种高科技发明。

【71题详解】

细节理解题。根据It is designed to take hands-free photos or videos of anything people are doing,可知,谷歌眼镜不需要用手就可以拍摄人们做任何事情的照片或视频,故选C。

【72题详解】

细节理解题。根据This shirt can be worn for 100 straight days without washing“这款衬衫可以连续穿100天不洗”,可知,如果你不想经常洗衣服,可以购买这款Wool & Prince衬衫,故选A。

【73题详解】

词句猜测题。You don’t have hands at all 你根本没有手;Your hands don’t cost money 你的手不需要花钱;You don’t need to use your hands 你不需要用手。根据The glass has a hidden camera and a tiny screen,可知,这个眼镜有一个隐藏的照相机和一个小屏幕,所以不需要用手去拍照或拍视频,所以hands-free表示“你不需要用手”,故选C。

【74题详解】

细节理解题。根据The whole building is underwater and you can get to it by swimming and diving,可知,你可以通过游泳或潜水到达这个水下酒店,故选B。

【75题详解】

最佳标题。通读全文,可知,本文介绍了四种高科技发明,分别是:无书图书馆;谷歌眼镜;Wool & Prince衬衫;水下酒店,所以最适合本文的标题是“新发明”。故选A。

(B)

Do you sleep well every night? Studies show if we have a good rest, we must have more energy to study. At the same time, we will be healthier.

The sleep environment is very important to us. The bedroom is the main place where we sleep at night so its environment directly affects the quality of our sleep. ___76___ . So we should advise our parents to pay attention to our bedroom environment.

___77___ . The bedroom light should be neither too bright nor too dark. If the light is too dark it will affect people’s eyesight. If the light is too bright, it can affect the speed of falling asleep. So we should choose a kind of yellow light that gives feeling of warmth.

___78___ . Many old people like to put a lot of flowers in the bedroom. Of course these flowers can make us relaxed and feel well. But there are too many plants in the bedroom, which can really affect people’s sleep quality. ___79___ .

Our bedroom should be ventilated(通风)often. ___80___ . Otherwise, we may find it difficult to breathe, which can affect our sleep quality.

根据短文内容,从下列选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

A. We should sleep at night with windows open.

B. Our bedroom should have proper light.

C. We should pay attention to our eyesight.

D. There shouldn’t be too many flowers in our bedroom.

E. And good sleep plays an important role in our health.

F. So don’t put too many plants in our bedroom.

G. We should often open the window so that fresh air can come in.

【答案】76. E 77. B 78. D 79. F 80. G

【解析】

这是一篇说明文,文章主要讲述改善卧室的环境以有助于人们的睡眠质量的几个方法。

【76题详解】

句意:而且好的睡眠对我们的健康有重要作用。

根据后文“So we should advise our parents to pay attention to our bedroom environment”我们应建议父母注意我们卧室的环境,可知此处表述原因是好的睡眠对健康有重要作用,E符合。故选E。

【77题详解】

句意:我们的卧室应有合适的光。

根据后文“The bedroom light should be neither too bright nor too dark”可知此处讲述的是卧室里的光的问题。B选项“have proper light”符合。故选B。

【78题详解】

句意:我们的卧室里不应该有太多的花。

根据后文“Many old people like to put a lot of flowers in the bedroom. Of course these flowers can make us relaxed and feel well”可知此处讲述的是花的问题。D选项“shouldn’t be too many flowers”符合。故选D。

【79题详解】

句意:因此不要放太多的植物在卧室。

根据前文“there are too many plants in the bedroom, which can really affect people’s sleep quality”太多的植物会影响人的睡觉质量。F选项“don’t put too many plants”不要放太多植物符合。故选F。

【80题详解】

句意:我们应该经常开窗子以便让新鲜空气进来。

根据“Our bedroom should be ventilated often”可知卧室要通风,G选项“fresh air can come in”符合。故选G。

(C)

When you do your homework, you may often meet some problems. How do you solve them? Tom, a middle school student, would take out his smart phone, open a special app(应用)and search the problem. Answers soon appear on the screen.

Nowadays, many students do homework with the help of the special apps like Tom. “It’s convenient. You don’t have to go out or wait for a tutor(家庭教师)at home,” Tom said. “You also learn by seeing how others work them out. It’s very helpful and improves students’ abilities.” said John, another student. He said it was especially true for new types of homework.

John’s Chinese teacher often asks students to give speeches on great writers. When it comes to John’s turn, he usually searches online, picks out certain stories and makes PPTS(演示文稿). “I’ve become skilled at finding information online and using Microsoft Office.” John said.

However, many people think this trend(趋势)also brings up problems. Some students just copy the answers online without thinking. They become lazy.

Head teacher Mr. Wang in Tom and John’s school thinks that knowing how to use the Internet is important. The key is to have good self-control. “No matter how difficult the problem is, think about it by yourself first. Remember not to depend on the Internet too much.” the teacher said. “Be sure to understand the reasons behind the answers, or you won’t make progress. If you don’t have confidence in your self-control, ask your parents for help.”

根据短文内容判断对错,对的为“T”,错的为“F”。

81. Tom and John are in different schools.

82. Doing homework with the help of the special apps is convenient.

83. Mr. Wang thinks the key to use the apps well is to have good self-control.

84. All the students become lazy by doing homework with the help of the apps.

85. Mr. Wang advised students not to depend on the apps too much when doing homework.

【答案】81. F 82. T

83. T 84. F

85. T

【解析】

文章大意:短文讲了一些学生用一个特殊的应用程序解决遇到的一些问题,详细地介绍了人们的不同观点和建议。

【81题详解】

理解判断题。根据Head teacher Mr. Wang in Tom and John’s school thinks that knowing how to use the Internet is important. 可知汤姆和约翰在不同的学校是错误的,在同一个学校,故答案为F。

【82题详解】

理解判断题。根据Nowadays, many students do homework with the help of the special apps like Tom. “It’s convenient. 可知在特殊的应用程序的帮助下做作业很方便,故答案为T。

【83题详解】

理解判断题。根据Head teacher Mr. Wang in Tom and John’s school thinks that knowing how to use the Internet is important. The key is to have good self-control. 可知王先生认为,用好这些应用的关键是要有良好的自制力,故答案为T。

【84题详解】

理解判断题。根据Some students just copy the answers online without thinking. They become lazy.可知在这些应用程序的帮助下,所有的学生都变得懒惰起来是错误的,是一些学生,不是所有学生,故答案为F。

【85题详解】

理解判断题。根据”No matter how difficult the problem is, think about it by yourself first. Remember not to depend on the Internet too much.” the teacher said. 可知王先生建议学生们在做作业时不要太依赖应用程序,故答案为T。

(D)

The Monkey King or Sun Wukong is the main character from the famous Chinese story Journey to the West. He has excited the children of China for many years. He is wonderful because he helps weak people. The Monkey King has a magic stick. He uses it to fight bad people. He can make the stick big or small. He can sometimes make the stick so small that he can put it in his ear. When he sees bad people, he thinks of ways to fight them. He can turn himself into different animals and objects. But unless he can hide his tail,he can’t make himself a human. Children all over the world love the Monkey King.

根据短文内容,结合生活实际完成下列各题。

86. 单词释义(请在文中找出与下面英文释义相符的单词)

known by a lot of people ________________________________

87. Do you want to have a magic stick like the Monkey King’s?

________________________________.

88. What do you think of the Monkey King?

I think he is________________________________.(答出两种即可)

【答案】86. famous

87. ①Yes, I do./Yes. ②No, I don’t. / No.

88. brave and clever / smart/ kind/ helpful…

【解析】

本文介绍了《西游记》里面孙悟空这个角色,他帮助弱势群体,用他的金箍棒去和坏人斗争,全世界的孩子都喜欢孙悟空。

【86题详解】

known by a lot of people表示“许多人都知道”,与文中单词famous“著名的”的词义相符,所以空格处填famous。故答案为famous。

【87题详解】

我也想有一个像孙悟空的那种的金箍棒,所以空格处填Yes, I do./Yes。我不想有一个像孙悟空的那种的金箍棒,所以空格处填No, I don’t. / No。故答案为①Yes, I do./Yes。②No, I don’t. / No。

【88题详解】

根据he helps weak people“他帮助弱势群体”及When he sees bad people, he thinks of ways to fight them“当他看到坏人时,他想出很多办法去与他们作斗争”,可知,孙悟空是勇敢的,聪明的,善良的和乐于助人的,所以空格处填brave and clever / smart/ kind/ helpful。故答案为brave and clever / smart/ kind/ helpful。

(E)

Once a traveler wanted to go across desert. He had walked in the desert for three days without any water. He was exhausted(筋疲力尽的)from walking. When he felt hopeless, he suddenly found a small house. He pulled his tired body inside. This was a small airless house and in the corner he discovered a water pump(抽水机)

He was so excited and went forward to draw(抽取)water, but no water came out no matter how hard he tried. Too tired to do anything more, he fell to the ground. Then he saw a small bottle. On the bottle was a note, which read. “You must pour the water from the bottle into the pump before you draw water! Don’t forget, before you leave, refill the bottle with water!” He opened the bottle and found it was filled with water! He was so happy.

At that moment he thought, “It might be a little selfish(自私的), but as long as I drink the water in the bottle, I can be sure to leave this room alive! However, if I do as the note says and pour the only water into the pump and no water comes out, I will die of thirst. Should I take the risk or not?” It was five minutes later that he chose to pour the only water into the pump and began to draw water. After a minute, water started to come out! He made the right choice.

After he had drunk enough water, he refilled the bottle. He added the following words after the note: Before you get something, you should first learn to pay.

根据短文内容回答下列各题

89. What did the traveler discover in the corner of a small airless house?

90. What did he have to do before he drew water?

91. How long did it take him to make a choice?

92. Is the traveler selfish according to the passage?

93. What lesson does the story tell us?

【答案】89. ①A water pump. ②He discovered a water pump.

90. He had to pour the water from the bottle into the pump(before he drew water).

91. For five minutes/It took him five minutes(to make a choice).

92. No, he isn’t.

93. Before we get something, we should first learn to pay.

【解析】

这个故事讲述的是一个人穿越沙漠,他精疲力竭,已经三天没有喝水了。这时他看到了一个房子,前面有一个抽水机。他还发现了一个瓶子和一张纸条,告诉他要先把瓶子里的水倒进抽水机里,才能打出水来。这个人按照纸条上写的做了,果然抽水机里出水了。这个故事告诉我们:要想得到一些东西,首先要学会付出。

【89题详解】

根据短文第一段“This was a small airless house and in the comer he discovered a water pump”可知,在房子的角落里,他发现了一个抽水机。故答案为A water pump./He discovered a water pump.

【90题详解】

根据第二段“”You must pour the water from the bottle into the pump before you draw water!”可知,在抽水之前,要先把瓶子里的水倒进泵里。故答案为He had to pour the water from the bottle into the pump(before he drew water).

【91题详解】

根据第三段“It was five minutes later that he chose to pour the only water into the pump and began to draw water.”可知,这个人花费了五分钟的时间思考这个问题,最后做出了选择。故答案为For five minutes/It took him five minutes(to make a choice).

【92题详解】

根据短文第三段的内容以及第四段的开头 “After he had drunk enough water, he refilled the bottle.”可知,这个人做出了正确的选择,他把瓶子里的水倒进了水泵里,水果然出来了。喝水之后,他又把瓶子装满水。由此可知,他不是一个自私的人。故答案为No, he isn’t.

【93题详解】

短文最后一句话“Before you get something, you should first learn to pay.”是点明文章主旨的一句话,这个故事告诉我们,要想得到某些东西,首先要学会付出。回答这个问题时,应相应地把人称变为第一人称We。故答案为Before we get something, we should first learn to pay.

第三部分 写作

七、写作

94.说起小动物,你的脑海中会浮现哪些画面,干净活泼的猫咪,还是对主人忠诚不二的小狗?这些可爱又有灵性的小动物让我们的生活丰富多彩,充满乐趣。你最喜欢的小动物是什么?你和它之间发生过怎样令人难忘的故事?小动物在你的生活中有怎样重要的位置?写一篇短文来和大家分享一下。

要求:

1. 短文中须包括图表中包含的全部信息,条理清楚、行文连贯,可适当发挥。

2. 短文中不能出现真实的人名、地名和校名等。

3. 词数不少于80词。

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】One possible version:

I think animals are our friends. I like animals very much.

Once my mother bought a goldfish for me as a gift. It looked very beautiful. I liked it very much. I put it in a big bowl and fed it every day. I thought I should try my best to look after it. But one day. I found it was dead. It made me very sad. My mother said that it was too full because I fed it too much.

From then on, I realized I should learn about the habits of small animals in order to care for them well.

【解析】

【详解】题干解读:本文是一篇材料作文,要求你根据提示写一篇短文,讲述你最喜欢的小动物以及你和它之间的故事。
例文点评:文章主要采用第一人称展开叙述,时态以一般过去时为主;文章主要分为三段:第一段总述自己对动物的看法;第二段详细描述自己和小宠物金鱼之间发生的故事;第三段发表自己的感悟,认为我们应该了解小动物的生活习性来好好照顾它们。文章层次分明、逻辑清晰、叙事有条理。
高分亮点:
短语:like…very much;buy sth. for sb.;put…in;try one’s best to do;look after;make sb.+adj.;learn about;in order to do。
句型:that引导的宾语从句;because引导的原因状语从句。

 

 

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