江苏开放大学大学英语(A)(专)第一次作业_511

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形 成 性 考 核 1 试 题

  1. Choose the choice that best fits into the blank.每小题 2 分,共 20 分)
  2. In many private schools, a dentist ______ the students’ teeth twice a month.
  3. injures B. examines C. instructs           D. informs
  4. A good writing ______ clear organization and choice of words.
  5. calls on B. calls for C. calls up            D. calls off
  6. Though Han Xiaolin was born and brought up in China, he can speak ______ English.
  7. smooth B. flowing C. fluid                D. fluent
  8. When you drive home, you can’t be ______ careful.
  9. too B. very C. so                    D. only
  10. You look very well after your holiday; you have ______ weight.
  11. put up with B. put away C. put on              D. put out
  12. Don’t ______ unknown files on the Internet.
  13. downloads B. download C. down                      D. load
  14. We will go home instead ______ going to the cinema.
  15. on B. to                          C. in                          D. of
  16. We must develop education to ______ the changing situation.
  17. meet             B. receive                   C. welcome           D. accept
  18. I don’t believe what you said, but if you can prove it, you may be able to ______ me.
  19. assure B. inform C. convince           D. refuse
  20. It is good to relax ______ listening to music
  21. to B. with                             C. by                    D. for

 

  1. Complete the dialogue with the expressions given in the box.(每小题2分,共10分)

Hans 出发前,她的母亲给他打电话,问他航班的情况。 Hans:            Hello. This is Hans speaking.
Mother:       Hi, dear, this is mom.
Hans:            Hi, mom. How are you?
Mother:         I’m fire. I am calling just because I want to know if you have booked your ticket to China.
Hans:             Yes, I have.
Mother: 1 ?
Hans:             Feb. 3.
Mother: 2 ?
Hans:             The flight leaves at 8:32.
Mother: 3 ?
Hans:             Air American.
Mother: 4 the flight number?
Hans:             AA1005.
Mother: 5 does it take to fly from Boston to New York?
Hans:             About one hour.
Mother:         OK, your father and I will drive you to the airport.
Hans:             Thank you, mom. III. Reading Comprehension.(每小题 2 分,共 40 分) Passage 1 Given the options we have all around us these days, why would anyone ever read a book? We have movies to entertain us, video games to attract us, cell phones to distract us, and the latest reality TV to give us something to talk about. With so many buttons to push and screens to stare at, who has the time or patience to read a book?
Because reading makes you smarter! The following reasons will convince you.
First of all, reading can increase your vocabulary. Reading helps you to learn new words! People who can speak clearly and effectively make good first impressions, whether meeting new friends or in a job interview.
Reading can exercise your brain. The mind is a muscle. It needs exercise. Understanding the written word is one way the mind grows in its ability. Compared to watching television where you simply sit and take everything in, reading forces you to think.
Reading can broaden your knowledge. Reading can open you up to all kinds of new ideas. Your friends will be surprised when you can explain the in-depth details of the latest scientific discovery.
Reading can also help reduce stress. What’s more relaxing than sitting outside and reading a novel on a lazy summer day? Our lives are packed with responsibilities from morning to night. Taking a few minutes to slow down can do a great deal for your mental health. Reading is an activity you can do at your own speed.
Last but not least, reading can develop your imagination. A good writer will paint a picture of characters, settings and scenes, but they can only do so much for you. The rest is up to your imagination. In TV and movies, everything is given to you, but with books you have to come up with the details on your own. Reading encourages an active imagination, in adults as well as children.

  1. What do movies, video games, cell phones, and the latest reality TV have in common?
  2. They are all expensive.
  3. They are all entertaining.
  4. They are all fashionable.
  5. In what way can reading help people perform better in a job interview?
  6. Reading makes people more easy-going.
  7. Reading makes people more friendly.
  8. Reading helps people speak clearly and effectively.
  9. Why does the author of the passage compare the brain to a muscle?
  10. Because both of them need exercise.
  11. Because both of them are part of the human body.
  12. Because both of them make people smart.
  13. Why does the author of the passage suggest “taking a few minutes to slow down”?
  14. Because people run too fast today.
  15. Because people have a lot of stress today.
  16. Because people relax themselves too much.
  17. In what way is reading better than TV or movies?
  18. Developing imagination.
  19. Developing confidence.
  20. Developing good habits.

Passage 2 Today is an extraordinary day for me. When I boarded the plane to New York, I started my adventure to China. Next school year I will study as an exchange student in China.
My flight to China was the longest journey that I have ever had. I went to the Boston airport really early to catch the 8:32 AM flight. When I got onto the plane, I found it was a very small plane. But the flight was only one hour so it wasn’t too bad. I made the connecting flight in New York. I had to hurry since there was only one hour for me to make the connection. When I rushed to the boarding gate, I was told that our flight was delayed due to poor weather conditions.
Fortunately, I had told my host family in advance to check the latest information of my flight. When I got on board the plane an hour later, everything turned out smooth and pleasant. The flight attendants were very friendly, the food served on the plane was tasty and my aisle seat was really comfortable.
After a 13-hour flight, I arrive in Beijing finally. Suddenly I saw so many Chinese people and heard so many people speaking Chinese. It was so exciting! Unfortunately I left my passport on the airplane, so I had to go back to find it. Finally I met my host family at the airport. Mr. Han Dongping, the father, works as general manager of a company and his son, Xiaolin, is a college sophomore majoring in Computer Science. They were both kind and friendly. It was very nice of them to meet me at the airport.
As my first day in China, today marks the first step that I have taken to realize my dream. I know there would be hardships of living in China, but I am sure it is going to be a valuable experience of a lifetime.

  1. Why is it an extraordinary day for Hans?
  2. Because he was going to New York.
  3. Because he was going to China to study as an exchange student.
  4. Because he was going to travel by plane for the first time.
  5. How long did it take Hans to fly from Boston to New York?
  6. About one hour.
  7. Two hours.
  8. 13 hours.
  9. Why was the flight from New York to Beijing delayed?
  10. Because there were too many flights.
  11. Because the weather conditions were bad.
  12. Because some passengers were late.
  13. How long did it take Hans to fly from New York to Beijing?
  14. One hour.
  15. Two hours.
  16. 13 hours.
  17. How did Hans expect his life in China to be?
  18. There would be hardships of living.
  19. valuable experience.
  20. Both A and B.

  Passage 3 In your first year of studying English, you have been learning new words one at a time. But now, because of the nature of the English language, you can actually make your vocabulary grow even faster.
Unlike most of the languages widely studied in the world, English has a vocabulary that is in several layers. The bottom layer is composed of the basic native English words that have always been part of the language. Then there is a mixed layer of words mostly from Greek and Latin. Some of these words came into English through French or Italian or Spanish but their origin was Greek or Latin. Then there is a more recent layer, mostly scientific or technical words intentionally made up from Greek and Latin elements. And mixed in the second and third layers are words from other languages spoken in countries throughout the world — German, Chinese, Japanese, American Indian, Arabic, Persian, and many others.
In all languages, words exist in set, in what can be thought of as word families. Sometimes, if you know the root form common to the words in a family, you can make a good guess about the general meaning of many words in that family. So knowing just one root form of one word in a family may help you make your vocabulary bigger by leading you to the other members of the family.
But this process won’t work very well with most native English words, that is, those that go back one thousand years or more in the language. Knowing the origin of a word will not help you the figure out its meaning today, for it says nothing of the meaning of the words that historically are in the same family. The ancestor of “deer”, for example, is “deor” in Old English, but the old meaning was any small animal, even a mouse or a rabbit. “Speed” once meant success or power, and “uncouth” meant simply unknown. You need to learn such words one by one.

  1. According to the passage, which of following is considered to be a good way to enlarge your vocabulary?
  2. Remembering native English words.
  3. Studying words from Latin and Greek.
  4. Knowing the nature of English.
  5. Paying attention to Old English words.
  6. How many layers of English word are mentioned in the passage?
  7. Two
  8. Three
  9. Four
  10. None of the above
  11. Most native English words ____________.
  12. have a history of about one thousand years or more
  13. can be learnt according to the root form common to words in a family
  14. can be understood according to the origin of words
  15. have similar meaning as their ancestors
  16. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
  17. Some words in French have Greek or Latin origin.
  18. Knowing the origin of a word won’t always help to guess its real meaning.
  19. Most native English words need to be learnt one at a time.
  20. The word “deer” can be used refer to a mouse and rabbit.
  21. What is this passage mainly about?
  22. The origin of native English words.
  23. How to make a good guess about the meaning of words.
  24. On learning more English words.
  25. The layers of English words.

Passage 4 Nancy’s hobby is collecting sharpeners. She spends a lot of time on it after school. She has collected more than one hundred sharpeners from different countries. They are all different in color and size.
Nancy likes sharpeners with animals and birds on them. in this way, she learns the names of many animals and birds. She also borrows books on animals and birds. She also borrows books on animals and birds from her school library. She learns a lot about them from those books.
Sometimes Nancy has many sharpeners of the same kind. She gives them to her friends. Then they give her other different sharpeners in return.
Nancy has many pen pals in many countries. She sends them sharpeners of her country. In return, they send her sharpeners of their countries. Nancy’s father also gives her sharpeners. He brings them home from his friends for her.
Many of Nancy’s friends collect other things. Some collect coins and others collect matchboxes(火柴盒)or stamps. But, all of them say that Nancy’s collection is the most interesting of all.

  1. How many sharpeners has Nancy collected from different countries?
  2. One hundred.
  3. Less than on hundred.
  4. Over one hundred.
  5. About one hundred.
  6. ____________ Nancy’s sharpeners are different in color and size.
  7. All of
  8. Most of
  9. Some of
  10. A few of
  11. Sometimes Nancy has many sharpeners of the same kind. She then ____________.
  12. keeps them for a period of time
  13. throws them away
  14. sells them and buy new ones
  15. exchanges different sharpeners with her friends
  16. Which of the following is NOT the way in which Nancy gets sharpeners?
  17. Her friends give her some.
  18. Her pen pals send her some.
  19. Her father buys her some.
  20. her father’s friends give her some.
  21. Nancy’s friends collect the following items EXCEPT ____________.
  22. Coins.
  23. Matchboxes.
  24. Stamps
  25. Books.

 

  1. Complete the sentences with the words from the bracket and you should put them in proper order.每小题 3 分,共 30 分)
  2. I wonder __________________(我能不能从你这儿获得建议).

(if, you, some, from, get, suggestions, can, I)

  1. I would be very grateful if __________________(你早点回复我).

(give, reply, earlier, me, a, you)

  1. __________________(没有必要赶),for there is plenty of time.

(is, there, need, no, hurry, to)

  1. The team’s success was __________________(主要是由于她的努力).

(largely, efforts, to, due, her)

  1. __________________(结果这工作显得比较难)than we thought.

(the, turned, job, out, harder)

  1. Given __________________(年纪小), I think she’s done rather well.

(young, age, her)

  1. She was uncertain __________________(是走还是留).

(to, leave, whether, or, stay)

  1. Compared to __________________(我们的小公寓), Bill’s house seemed like a palace.

(flat, small, our)

  1. __________________(这由你决定).

(up, is, to, you, this)

  1. I hope you can come up with __________________(一个更好的计划).

(better, a, plan)  

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