江苏开放大学大学英语(A)(专)第三次作业_277

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  1. Choose the choice that best fits into the blank.每小题 2 分,共 20 分)
  2. We understand you need easy access ______ up-to-date information about your accounts in many cities.
  3. in B. to                   C. for                          D. with
  4. It is common practice ______ a battery when it still has some life in it.
  5. to charge B. charge C. charged                   D. having charged
  6. Chinese people celebrate ______ birth of ______ child by giving away red eggs.
  7. / ; a B. / ; the           C. the; a                             D. the; the
  8. It was so noisy that we found it hard to ______ the conversation.
  9. carry on B. set for           C. turn on                    D. go about
  10. You cannot cancel your order ______ you change your mind within three days.
  11. as if B. while            C. so that                     D. unless
  12. He said, “I ______ a lot of new poems by the end of last year.”
  13. had already learned B. have already learned
  14. would have already learned D. already learned
  15. As Edison grew ______, he became more and more interested in science.
  16. elder B. the elder         C. older                       D. the older
  17. Only in this way ______ catch up with your brothers.
  18. do you can B. can you         C. you can                   D. you can do
  19. No one, except his two best friends, ______where he is.
  20. know B. knows           C. to know                   D. knowing
  21. Mr. John has decided that he will ______ the branch company set up in the small town.
  22. take over B. hand in         C. put in                             D. lead to

 

  1. Complete the dialogue with the expressions given in the box.(每小题2分,共10分)

Hans:            Hello, Xiaolin, You know, I’m planning to buy a smartphone.
Xiaolin:        Oh, that’s great!
Hans:            But it seems that there’re dozens of applications on a smartphone. You’ve got lots of them, haven’t you?
Xiaolin:        Yeah.
Hans:            Could you please let me know what are the best 1 ?
Xiaolin:        All right. I’ve got over 100 apps on my iPhone 5 right now. I often clear things out and only keep the 2 . I check 3 several times a day as it is one way to connect with my friends.
Hans:            That sounds cool!
Xiaolin:        I love taking pictures so the 4 in my cell phone is often used.
Hans:            Yes, you do. Do you use Google Maps?
Xiaolin:    Yes. Apple Maps doesn’t work well so I’ve already replaced it with _      5 , which I find very useful.
Hans:            OK, thank you, Xiaolin. III. Reading Comprehension.(每小题 2 分,共 40 分) Passage 1 Mobile phones are the items that a lot of people are having today. However, do we really need to have a mobile phone by our side?
We could start with the advantages of mobile phones. There are many things that we could do with mobile phones. With the advancement of technology, more and more features are being added to the mobile phones which make them more useful. In addition to making calls, mobile phones also support a wide variety of other services such as text messaging, email, Internet access, business applications, gaming and photography. We can bring them everywhere, and can be reached by others anytime. They make the world smaller, bringing people together no matter where they are.
But we could have some risks when using our mobile phones. We may have accidents when we use them while driving. Some studies show that mobile phones can do harm to our bodies; and materials in mobile phones could damage our environment.
Since there are so many risks, why do we still have mobile phones? This is because these risks or disadvantages can be overcome. For example, while we are driving we can easily pull up our car if we really need to use the phone. Mobile phone manufacturers are reducing the radiation of mobile phones to avoid health risks.
Though there are both pros and cons of using mobile phones, we could easily see that there are more advantages than disadvantages. Moreover, mobile phones are becoming cheaper, which might be another reason why mobile phones are increasingly used today.

  1. Which of the following functions is NOT mentioned in the passage?
  2. Text messaging.
  3. Camera.
  4. GPS.
  5. What risks might mobile phones cause?
  6. Traffic accidents and health problems.
  7. Environmental damage.
  8. Both A and B.
  9. What are mobile phone manufacturers doing to prevent mobile phone users from health risks?
  10. They are reducing the radiation of mobile phones.
  11. They are trying to persuade people to use mobile phones less.
  12. They are developing new models of mobile phones.
  13. Why do people still use mobile phones despite their disadvantages?
  14. Because people don’t believe that mobile phones have any disadvantages.
  15. Because the disadvantages of mobile phones can be avoided.
  16. Because people cannot live without mobile phones.
  17. According to the last paragraph, why are mobile phones increasingly being used today?
  18. They are safer.
  19. They have more functions.
  20. They are becoming cheaper.

Passage 2 Chinese Young Volunteers Association (CYVA) was founded in 1994 by young people who are willing to devote themselves to social services. As a national voluntary non-profit organization, the Association improves the overall quality of youth and contributes to the general progress of economic and social development.
Up to now, the association has carried out a series of volunteer activities. Sunshine Dancers is a non-profit program which was started in the Muslim primary school by the association. By hiring professional dance teachers, the association helps children from poor families to realize their dancing dream for free. Another major program run by CYVA is Protecting and Promoting the Rights of China’s Young Migrants(保护并促进青年农民工权益工程). It aims to improve education for migrant youth in order to prevent their early entry into the labor force. Teams of university volunteers will be recruited and trained to provide after-school tutoring to junior high students from migrant schools.

  1. What does CYVA stand for?
  2. Chinese Young Volunteers Association
  3. China Youth Volunteer Association
  4. China Youth Volunteering Association
  5. When was CYVA founded?
  6. In 1994.
  7. In 1996.
  8. In 1998.
  9. Who founded CYVA?
  10. A group of local teachers.
  11. Young people who are willing to devote themselves to social services.
  12. The local government.
  13. What is the goal of CYVA?
  14. To improve the overall quality of youth.
  15. To contribute to the general progress of economic and social development.
  16. Both A and B.
  17. What are the programs carried out by CYVA?
  18. Sunshine Dancers.
  19. Protecting and Promoting the Rights of China’s Young Migrants.
  20. Both A and B.

Passage 3 It is often difficult for a man to be quite sure how much tax he ought to pay to the government because it depends on so many different things: whether the man is married; how many children he has; whether he supports any relations, how much interest he receives, how much he has spent on his house during the year, and so on. All this makes it difficult to decide exactly how much the tax is.
There was an artist who was always very careful to pay the proper amount.
One year, after posting his check as usual, he began to wonder if he had paid enough, and after a lot of work, with a pencil and paper, he found that he had not. He thought that he owed the government something.
He was just writing another check to send it to the tax collector when the postman dropped a letter into the box at the front door. Opening it, the artist was surprised to find inside it a check for five pounds from the tax collector. The official explained that too much had been paid, and that therefore the difference was now returned to the taxpayer.

  1. According to the passage, to decide the exact amount of tax to be paid is ____________.
  2. simple
  3. easy
  4. difficult
  5. interesting
  6. It is mentioned in the passage that one has to pay tax according to ____________.
  7. how much education one has received
  8. whether one is single or married
  9. how old one’s children are
  10. where one lives
  11. The word “proper” in the second paragraph means __________.
  12. small
  13. big
  14. right
  15. wrong
  16. After a lot of work, the artist thought that he had paid the government ____________.
  17. less tax than he should have
  18. more tax than he should have
  19. as much tax as usual
  20. just enough tax
  21. Why did the tax collector send a letter to the artist?
  22. To send him a new tax form.
  23. To return the money overpaid.
  24. To remind him of paying the tax.
  25. To explain the rules of tax paying.

Passage 4 The invention of telephone has greatly eased the communication among people, but callers should be careful about when to make a phone call or it will cause embarrassments.
It is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning in the USA. If someone is called very early in the morning, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call indicates great importance of the matter which requires immediate attention of the person called. The same implication is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. at night. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it’s an urgency of life or death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance. Time plays a very important role in our social life as you can imagine. In the USA an invitation should be sent to the guests in advance because guests usually believe that they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not always necessarily true of the case all over the world. In some other countries, it may be taken stupid to make an appointment too far in advance because plans made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The concept of time varies in different regions of the world. Thus, misunderstandings are sometimes inevitable between men of different cultural backgrounds that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in America, for example. A lack of promptness is regarded as being impolite or not being fully responsible. In the US it would be incredible to keep a business partner or a guest waiting for an hour, and it would be too impolite and unacceptable by their social etiquettes. A person who is 5 minutes late is expected to give some words of explanation to the people waiting, though he might not complete his sentence.

  1. What is the main idea of this passage?
  2. It is not customary to telephone someone in the morning or in sleeping hours in the US.
  3. The role of time in social life over the world..
  4. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible in the US.
  5. Not every country treats the concept of time as the same.
  6. What does it mean according to the passage if you call someone during his or her sleeping hours?
  7. A matter of work.
  8. A matter of life or death.
  9. You want to see him or her.
  10. You want to make an appointment with him or her.
  11. Which of the following time is proper if you want to make an appointment with your friend?
  12. At 7:00 a.m.
  13. At 4:00 p.m.
  14. At the midnight.
  15. At 4:00 a.m.
  16. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
  17. In the USA guests tend to feel they are highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is expended only three or four days before the party date.
  18. There id no misunderstanding between people from different cultures about the concept of time.
  19. It may be considered foolish to make an appointment well in advance in the USA.
  20. Being on time is highly valued in America.
  21. From the passage we can infer that ____________.
  22. it’s a matter of life or death if you call someone in daytime
  23. the meaning of time differs in different parts of the world
  24. it makes no difference in the US whether you are early or late for a business party
  25. if a person is late for a date, he needn’t make any explanation

  1. Complete the sentences with the words from the bracket, and you should put them in proper order.每小题 3 分,共 30 分)
  2. All sorts of lamps are__________________(可以在那家商店买到).

(in, shop, available, that)

  1. My apron is __________________(太脏了,我不得不洗它).

(dirty, have, that, I, so, wash, to, it)

  1. All of them arrive late __________________(由于种种原因).

(variety, reasons, for, of, a)

  1. We’ll have to find a job, __________________(不管花多长时间).

(how, it, long, takes, no matter)

  1. Do __________________(手机对大脑有害)?

(harm, to, cell phones, brains, do)

  1. A thinking person must __________________(致力于为和平工作).

(working, commit, himself, to, for, peace)

  1. Driving on the left is strange at first but you __________________(很快就会习惯).

(get, used, to, will, soon, it)

  1. Otherwise you have nothing to __________________(为讨论做贡献).

(contribute, discussion, this, to)

  1. We cut down the number of people who needed to ________________(参与决定重大问题).

(in, involved, important, be, decisions)

  1. These words best describe his position __________________(关于生和死).

(with, death, to, life, regard, and)  

  1. with  regard to  life  and death
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