江苏开放大学大学英语(B)(2)(本)第3次作业

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第一部分:交际英语(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

 

题号

1

2

3

4

5

答案

C

C

A

B

D

 

第二部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题3分,满分30分)

题号

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

答案

A

F

F

F

T

C

D

A

D

C

 

第三部分:词汇与结构(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

题号

16

17

18

19

20

答案

D

A

C

D

A

 

第四部分:完型填空(共5个空;每个空2分,满分10分)

题号

21

22

23

24

25

答案

B

A

D

C

B

 

第五部分:英译汉(满分20分)

26.我花费了一些时间学习了美国的生活方式。

 

27.我们必须要保持教室的整洁。

 

28.从学校到我家只需步行五分钟。

 

29.晚上我有空。

 

 

第六部分:写作(满分15分)

Practice Makes Perfect

 

Practice makes perfect. Do you understand the meaning of this sentence? Let me explain to you. When you do something for the first time will be not good at. But if you do a few times  you will be more skilled.

Practice makes perfect in everyday life, there are a lot of performance. For example, one day in the home, mother don’t have time to cook for me, let myself do eggs Fried rice. She told me the steps, then I begun to do it myself. For the first time, did not be delicious. Since that time, as long as mom don’t have time to cook for me, I will do eggs Fried rice. Gradually, my eggs Fried rice more delicious. Mom praised me. I am very happy, too.

Actually it’s the same in life. There is no difficulty is not solved. As long as the work hard to try a few times and never give up, you will be succeed.

Life is so good, let us work together!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quiz  3 

第一部分:交际英语(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从ABCD四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. — Sorry, I forgot to post your letter.

            I’ll post it myself.

A. All right. B. It doesn’t matter.

C. Not at all. D. You are very kind.

2. — Shall we arrange a meeting early next week?

           

A. No, I don’t know. B. Yes, this week will be OK.

C. A good idea.   D. Thanks a lot.

3. —Can you give me a hand with this heavy box?

          

A. Of course. B. No, that’s not good.

C. It doesn’t matter. D. Oh, the box is heavy.

4. — How are you getting along these days?

          

A. Yes, I do. B. Fine. Thanks.

C. No, I’m not. D. Sorry, I don’t know.

5. — My friend got killed in the car accident.

— Really?           

A. How silly it is! B. It’s hopeless.

C. Be careful. D. I’m sorry to hear that.

 

第二部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题3分,满分30分)

此部分共有2篇短文,在第一篇短文后面有5个正误判断题,从每题后的两个选项中选出正确答案;在第二篇短文后有5个问题。请从每个问题后的ABCD四个选项中选出正确选项。

 

Passage 1

What do we talk when we talk about money? We often think about what we can buy with the money we have, what we can’t buy because we don’t have enough and what we’re planning to buy when we have more. We discuss the careers that bring us money and the expenses that take it away. We talk about our favorite shops and restaurants, the causes we support, the places we’ve been and seen. We share dreams that only money can make real.

In short, we talk about everything but money itself. In daily life, money is still a major conversational taboo. This is a shame, because money is at least as interesting as the things it does and buys, and the more you know about it, the more interesting it is.

As a financial advisor, I’ve seen hundreds of people learn to control their money instead of letting it control them and watched as they increased their freedom, power and security by handling money consciously. Wouldn’t you like to know that you’ll always have enough money to live exactly as you want to? You’ll never be powerful in life until you’re powerful over your own money. Talking openly about it is the first step. (206 words)

6. People don’t think about what they can buy with money when they talk about money.

A. T B. F

7. Many people believe that only money can make our dreams come into being.

A. T B. F

8. In daily life, people often talk about money openly.

A. T B. F

9. Many people learn to handle money because they like money.

A. T B. F

10. Talking openly about money is the first step to control it.

A. T B. F

 

Passage 2

Despite all of our wonderful technological developments, our smog-covered cities, polluted waterways, destroyed forests and chemical dumps remind us that our material gains have come at a steep price. Not only is the beauty of our natural environment gradually being destroyed, but its capacity to sustain life is seriously threatened.

We are a throwaway society: Americans alone throw out 150,000 tons of packaging each day, or 120 miles of tractor-trailers end–to-end. This is 195 million tones of garbage every year! And unfortunately, we are all-too-quick to throw out last year’s or last-month’s style in favor of the latest trendy item.

A great way that we and our children can act thoughtfully is to become aware of the many opportunities we each have everyday to “help our earth.”

The 3 Rs are Reduce, Reuse and Recycle: 1 ton of paper equals 17 trees plus the energy used to process. Making recycled paper takes less energy; making aluminum() from used cans takes only 5% of the energy to make new cans. Looking after the environment helps everyone. When we “RRR”, we save the earth’s precious natural resources. We also cut down on pollution, thus creating a safer and healthier place for people to live. Making new products from recycled materials can lower energy cost. Slowing the growth of the garbage pile can also reduce the headache of finding new places to store our waste! (232 words)

 

11. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor reminding us that our material gains have come at a steep price?

A. smog-covered cities             B. Polluted waterways

C. Wonderful technological development D. Destroyed forests and chemical dumps

12. What is the total amount of the garbage the Americans throw away every year?

A. 150,000 tons.           B. 120 million tons.

          C. Not mentioned. D. 195 million tons

13. What do the 3Rs stand for?

A. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle B. Reproduce, Reuse, and Recover

C. Return, Recycle and Reuse D. Reset, Reduce and Reuse

14. All the following statements are mentioned as the advantages of “RRR” EXCEPT       .

A. We can save the earth’s precious natural resources.

B. We can slow down the growth of the garbage pile.

    C. We can cut down on pollution.

    D. We can create a safer and healthier place for people to live.

15. If we can slow the growth of the garbage pile, what is the contribution we can make to help our earth?

A. We can reduce the difficulty in finding new places to store our waste.

    B. We can lower energy costs.

C. We can save the earth’s precious natural resources.

    D. We can create a healthier environment.

 

第三部分:词汇与结构(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

此部分共有5个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从ABCD四个选项中选出正确选项。

16. She       shopping alone before she got married.

A. used to be B. was used to be C. used to D. was used to

17.        when they found out that their tickets had been lost.

A. Hardly had the game begun

          B. Scarcely the game had begun

          C. The game hardly begun

          D. No sooner had the game begun

18. Foreign language learning should be more like a child       his native language.

A. requiring B. requiring C. acquiring D. requesting

19. I feel like       to the owner of house to complain.

A. write B. writing C. to write D. having written

20. Only in this way       the final English examination.

A. can we pass B. we can pass

          C. can pass we       D. pass we can  

 

第四部分:完型填空(共5个空;每个空2分,满分10分)

以下短文中共包含5个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分,请从ABCDE中选出正确选项。

Crime is everywhere. In our neighborhood, in the neighboring state, wherever we look, we find criminals and crime. Criminals have  21  a part of our daily lives. Does this mean we let them be the darkness of our society? No, definitely not. Eliminating (消除) crime and criminals is our duty, and we cannot ignore it. Getting the rightly accused to a just  22  is very important. Some criminals commit a crime because they have no other option to survive, but some do it for fun. I do not advocate (……辩护) for everybody. A person  23  stole bread from a grocery store, definitely does not deserve the death penalty (死刑). However, a serial killer, who kills people for fun or for his personal gain, definitely deserves it. The death penalty should continue  24  eliminate the garbage of our society. Not everybody deserves to die, but some people surely do. I support the death penalty because of several reasons. Firstly, I believe that it serves as a deterrent and helps in  25  crime. Secondly, it is true that it is irreversible (不可挽回的), but it is hard to kill a wrongly convicted (定罪的) person due to the several chances given to the convicted to prove his innocence. Thirdly, the death penalty assures safety of the society by eliminating these criminals. Finally, I believe in “a life for a life”. (221 words)

21. A. punishment B. reducing C. in order to

D. who E. become

22. A. punishment B. reducing C. in order to

D. who E. become

23. A. punishment B. reducing C. in order to

D. who E. become

24. A. punishment B. reducing C. in order to

D. who E. become

25. A. punishment B. reducing C. in order to

D. who E. become

 

第五部分:英译汉(满分20分)

请把下列4句英语翻译成中文。

26. It took me some time to learn the American way of living.

27. We must keep our classroom clean.

28. My home is five minutes’ walk from the school.

29. I happened to be free that evening.

 

第六部分:写作(满分15分)

要求在30分钟内,根据下面所给的题目用英语写出一篇不少于80词的短文。

 

Practice Makes Perfect(熟能生巧)

1. 熟能生巧的含义。

2. 熟能生巧在日常生活和学习中的表现。

3. 你的观点或看法。

Practice makes perfect. Do you understand the meaning of this sentence? Let me explain to you. When you do something for the first time will be not good at. But if you do a few times  you will be more skilled.

Practice makes perfect in everyday life, there are a lot of performance. For example, one day in the home, mother don’t have time to cook for me, let myself do eggs Fried rice. She told me the steps, then I begun to do it myself. For the first time, did not be delicious. Since that time, as long as mom don’t have time to cook for me, I will do eggs Fried rice. Gradually, my eggs Fried rice more delicious. Mom praised me. I am very happy, too.

Actually it’s the same in life. There is no difficulty is not solved. As long as the work hard to try a few times and never give up, you will be succeed.

Life is so good, let us work together!

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